Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease

Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease Sleep apnea affects one in five adults, impacting more men than women. Sleep apnea is a condition in which the person may experience pauses in breathing five to 30 times per hour or more during sleep, and can lead to cardiovascular problems. What Is Sleep Apnea? Disruptions to your breathing during sleep can have profound negative consequences. Sleep apnea causes you to obtain fragmented sleep, as your body moves toward wakefulness with each breathing episode. Additionally, people with sleep apnea do not move through the important stages of deep sleep, which may lead to excessive daytime sleepiness. The Relationship between Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease…

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Are You at Risk for Peripheral Arterial Disease?

Are You at Risk for Peripheral Arterial Disease? Many individuals who have peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are unaware that they have it. Understanding the risk factors for developing this disorder can help them get a timely diagnosis. Although serious complications can result from this condition, treatment options are available. Overview of PAD Patients with PAD have a greater risk of coronary artery disease, heart attack, or stroke than the rest of the population. PAD develops when the arteries become clogged with plaque and limit blood flow to the legs. Many individuals with PAD experience either no symptoms or mild signs of the disorder. The most common symptoms include: Painful cramps…

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Why Do Varicose Veins Form During Pregnancy?

Approximately 1 in 5 people will develop varicose veins at some point in their life. Varicose veins, those ropy, blue- or purple-colored veins often found on the legs, are a sign that the circulatory system is not effectively pumping and clearing blood from the extremities. While many people develop varicose veins during older age, they are also common during pregnancy. Learning about the association between varicose veins and pregnancy can help you treat these unsightly veins.   The Link Between Varicose Veins and Pregnancy For many women, the first time they develop varicose veins is during pregnancy. So why are varicose veins and pregnancy related? The answer is twofold: one…

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Do You Have Any Symptoms of Varicose Veins?

Almost everybody knows someone who has suffered from varicose veins.  Some patients unknowingly experience the symptoms of varicose veins before these large blue or purple blood vessels become visible.  Understanding more about varicose vessels and their symptoms is helpful to patients who are considering treatment options for these unsightly and annoying veins. All About Varicose Veins Many patients consider these bulging vessels, which most often appear on the legs, a cosmetic issue.  The Vascular Disease Foundation notes that their presence can significantly impact a person’s lifestyle. In North America, individuals log more time absent from work thanks to vein disorders than they do lost time linked to artery disease.  By…

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How to Reduce Risk for Vein Disease

How to Reduce Risk for Vein Disease Chronic venous insufficiency can lead to chronic vein disease. This is the result of failed valves or stretching of the blood vessels in the extremities. While many of these issues may be painless, some may cause skin irritation, burning and severe pain. In addition, they may contribute to the formation of blood clots or other serious cardiovascular problems. Fortunately, you can reduce your risk for venous insufficiency, reports the Mayo Clinic, by following these five steps. 1. Eating a Healthy Diet Reduces Risk for Vein Disease Obesity and being overweight are major risk factors in developing venous insufficiency. This is due to increased…

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Self-management Tips for Patients with Varicose Veins

The first step in deciding what to do about varicose veins is visiting a vein specialist for an assessment of the problem.  For most patients, a combination of professional oversight and home care provides the most effective treatment.  A number of practical tips can help patients self-manage these annoying abnormal blood vessels. Overview of Varicose Veins A varicose vein forms as the result of a faulty one-way valve in a vessel, usually in a leg.  The valve’s malfunction prevents the efficient return of blood to the heart, according to the Vascular Disease Foundation.  As blood pools behind the defective valve, the pressure it creates on the vein causes the vessel’s…

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Heart Disease Clinic Alert: New Study Reveals Increased Mortality

The morbidity of cardiovascular disease, including heart disease, is well-documented. However, researchers conducting a long-term, 25-year study have found morbidity rates much higher than previously thought. As a result, more people may need to have their risk for cardiovascular disease evaluated by a provider at a heart disease clinic, and you need to understand what this new research means for your health. What Does the New Study Say? The study, published by the American College of Cardiology, reports Science Daily, indicates overall morbidity from heart disease is increasing. Although this contrasts with significant declines in morbidity in the western hemisphere, approximately one-third of deaths around the globe are linked to…

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Do You Have Any Risk Factors for an Irregular Heartbeat?

An individual might not attach much importance to an irregular heartbeat, also called an arrhythmia, the first time it occurs.  However, recurring arrhythmias are sometimes frightening.  Knowing the risk factors for developing them can spur many individuals to receive an evaluation and treatment from a cardiologist. Overview of Arrhythmia More than 850,000 U.S. patients become hospitalized for arrhythmia every year, MedicineNet reports.  Although irregular heartbeats are different from abnormal heart rates, the conditions sometimes occur simultaneously. Arrhythmia is a disorder in which electrical impulses that control heartbeats fail to work correctly.  This causes a heart to beat irregularly, too slow, or too fast. There are at least a dozen types…

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How to Prevent Varicose Veins

At Tri-City Cardiology, our team of board-certified physicians and nurse practitioners help people of all ages prevent, treat, and manage cardiovascular-related conditions of all types. One of the most common conditions we get questions about are varicose veins, which is a type of venous disease. While varicose veins typically pose more of a cosmetic issue than a health issue, they can be problematic in severe cases. What Are Varicose Veins? A vein is one of the 3 main types of blood vessels (the other types being arteries and capillaries). In general, veins carry blood back to the heart where it can be oxygenated. Veins contain one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing in the…

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Signs and Symptoms of a Heart Attack

If you notice that you feel out of breath, extremely tired and under the weather, these may be symptoms of a heart attack (aka myocardial infarction). Myocardial infarctions remain the main cause of death for both men and women in the U.S. What Causes a Heart Attack? A myocardial infarction typically occurs when a blood clot forms and blocks the blood flow to the heart. The inability of the blood to reach the heart leads to tissue death: The tissues die because they have been deprived of oxygen. When an individual experiences a myocardial infarction, it is considered a medical emergency and, according to the American Heart Association, every second…

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