How to Reduce Risk for Vein Disease
Chronic venous insufficiency can lead to chronic vein disease. This is the result of failed valves or stretching of the blood vessels in the extremities. While many of these issues may be painless, some may cause skin irritation, burning and severe pain. In addition, they may contribute to the formation of blood clots or other serious cardiovascular problems. Fortunately, you can reduce your risk for venous insufficiency, reports the Mayo Clinic, by following these five steps.
1. Eating a Healthy Diet Reduces Risk for Vein Disease
Obesity and being overweight are major risk factors in developing venous insufficiency. This is due to increased weight and pressure on the veins of the legs. With time, valves in the veins lose their ability to hold blood back. As a result, the vein bulges and swells, allowing blood to pool. However, reducing weight improves muscle and vascular tone, reducing risk.
Similarly, exercise encourages healthy circulation in the veins, and risk of obesity decreased. Regular exercise can also help the heart pump blood throughout the body, putting less strain on individual valves within the veins.
3. Avoid Constrictive Clothing
Clothing can also contribute to risk for venous insufficiency. Tight pants, hosiery and compression stockings, except for wearing them to manage existing venous insufficiency, can reduce circulation in the lower extremities.
4. Elevate Your Legs
Elevating the legs reduces the effect of gravity on veins and valves. Elevate your legs when resting and throughout the day. For people working in jobs that require extended periods sitting, it is important to get up and walk often. This will help promote circulation as well.
5. Change Your Sitting or Standing Position Often
Speaking of sitting for extended periods, people standing for extended durations should change their position often. In other words, do not sit or stand in the same position for more than about 20 minutes. This will encourage proper blood flow and reduce risk for venous problems.
What Else Should You Do?
While you can work to prevent venous insufficiency, sometimes genetics and other factors, like age, can still lead to its development. Use these tips to help reduce your risk. In the interim, if you suspect vein disease or have experienced problems with varicose veins in the past, schedule an appointment at Tri-City Cardiology online or by calling 480-835-6100.