Learn About Stroke Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
When it comes to strokes, getting treatment quickly could be the difference between a full recovery and suffering from severe, life-altering problems. Understanding stroke causes and symptoms can help you know when you or a loved one may be experiencing this medical emergency.
A Closer Look at Stroke Causes
There are three different types of strokes. The cause of a stroke varies depending on the type. The three types of strokes are an ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and transient ischemic attack or a TIA.
The exact causes of the strokes are as follows:
- Ischemic Stroke – caused by a blockage or a severe narrowing of the arteries that lead to the brain
- Hemorrhagic Stroke – caused by the arteries near the brain developing a leak or suddenly bursting. When this happens the cells around the brain are damaged and a stroke occurs.
- Transient Ischemic Attack or TIA – occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted only temporarily. Often caused by a brief blockage or clot that quickly dissolves.
Understanding Stroke Symptoms
Symptoms of a stroke will vary from person to person. Some of the most common main stroke symptoms are:
- Trouble speaking or being understood
- A headache that is accompanied by vomiting
- Numbness or difficulty moving arms, leg, or face
- Vision problems in one or both eyes
- Trouble walking
How is a Stroke Diagnosed?
Doctors and hospital staff rely on several different types of diagnostic tools to help with diagnosing a stroke. Some of the ways a doctor may diagnose a stroke include:
- Physical examination that looks at blood pressure, symptoms, and listens to the carotid arteries
- CT Scan
- MRI Scan
- Carotid Ultrasound
- Blood Test
- Cerebral Angiogram
How is a Stroke Treated?
The type of treatment you receive for a stroke will vary depending on what type of stroke you experienced.
Patients who experience an ischemic stroke will often immediately be given a specific type of drug that is designed to break down any blood clots and prevent any from forming in the future. The types of drugs usually given include tissue plasminogen activator or TPA and aspirin.
A patient who is experiencing a hemorrhagic stroke will have the treatment that is more focused on reducing pressure on the brain and stopping the bleeding to the brain. Treatment options for this type of stroke include the use of drugs that reduce pressure on the brain, blood pressure drugs, and seizure drugs. In some cases, surgery may be needed to repair any leaking or bleeding blood vessels.
If you suspect you or someone you know is suffering from stroke symptoms, call 911 immediately.
After suffering a stroke, you will want to take precautions to prevent it from happening again. The physicians at Tri-City Cardiology can help you get a proper diagnosis which will lead to proper treatment for your stroke. We can also help diagnosis other cardiac problems you may be experiencing. Call us today to schedule an appointment to learn more about how we can help patients with strokes, heart disease, and other cardiac problems.